The National Museum of Antarctica
The exhibition of the National Museum of Antarctica - Siena Section (developed on an area of about 250 square meters) is organized according to a thematic path which, starting from the history of exploration and the development of science on the continent, touches on the main themes of Antarctic research: geology, glaciology, paleoclimatology, biology, atmospheric and marine sciences, thematic cartography.
Antarctica - the Antarktikòs of the Greek myth - Terra Australis Nondum Cognita until the 16th century, became Terra Cognita only in the 20th century, first with the "heroic phase" of the expeditions and then following the International Geophysical Year (1957-58) . The polar regions - and Antarctica in particular - play a fundamental role in the regulation of the entire Earth system, influencing the climate, ecosystems and the community of living beings, including humans. of Antarctica through a path that includes finds, images, bibliographic and cartographic material, multimedia systems with the aim of offering the educational system and the citizen an instrument of information, knowledge and reflection.
At the National Museum of Antarctica - Siena Section, therefore, are preserved over 20,000 samples of rocks and fossils and over 1,000 meteorites collected in Antarctica during the expeditions of the National Research Program in Antarctica. The library also collects over 5,000 titles published since 1840, concerning the multiple aspects of the polar regions, from international law to earth sciences, from environmental conservation to scientific dissemination, from biology to exploration. Finally, the visitor can observe Antarctic rocks, minerals and meteorites, touch fossil trunks of 300 million years, and through videos and interactive stations observe the life of living animals on the continent and in the sea, search on an area of ice blue meteorites.