Museum and Archaeological Park of Egnazia
The Archaeological Park of Egnazia , inserted in a pleasant naturalistic-environmental context, is one of the most interesting in Puglia. The city, cited by classical authors for its privileged geographical position, was a strategic commercial port in the connection between the West and the East . The first settlement arose in the sixteenth century BC and had continuity of life until the Iron Age , when the whole territory of Puglia was inhabited by the Iapigi . Around the end of the sixth century. BC, Egnazia became a settlement of the Messapia , corresponding to the current provinces of Brindisi and Lecce. Starting from the III century. BC, with the Roman presence in the territory, the city was transformed and in the first century. BC acquired municipal status, assuming great importance thanks to the presence of the port and the Via Traiana . From the sixth century. AD the lower part of the inhabited area was gradually abandoned and the settlement continued on the Acropolis , until the 13th century. room. Of the Roman city you can admire the remains of the Via Traiana , the Civil Basilica with the hall of the Three Graces , the Sacellum of the oriental divinities, the porticoed square, the cryptoporticus and the thermal baths . Among the buildings of Christian worship, built between the fourth and sixth centuries. AD, the Episcopal Basilica with the baptistery and the Southern Basilica , originally paved with mosaics . The museum , built in 1975 outside the walls of ancient Gnathia , on the edge of the western necropolis, a series of temporary exhibitions , also maintaining a permanent educational exhibition on "Egnatia, history and monuments". The exhibition , divided into 7 sections, narrates the events that have characterized the archaeological research in Egnatia and the historical evolution of the site from XVI century BC up to the 13th century AD, when it was abandoned. The finds and images illustrate the peculiarities that characterized the first settlement of huts in the Bronze Age , the influence of the Apygian and Messapian culture, the Roman and Paleochristian phases, with the city becoming a bishopric. The last section collects evidence relating to the Lombard presence and the last traces of frequentation of the area. The finds come from excavations carried out in the town and in the necropolis of Egnazia, but also from the territory.