The National Atestino Museum
The National Atestino Museum was created to illustrate the characteristics of the civilization of the ancient Venetians, which characterized the local social and cultural development during the first millennium BC, in a dynamic relationship with the Etruscan, Celtic and Roman world. Since 1876, the most consistent testimonies of this civilization have emerged in Este, today exhibited in the 11 rooms of the Museum; daily life, artistic manifestations, those of religiosity and funeral rituals are illustrated, to reconstruct society and emphasize similarities and differences with current events.
There are many contexts and objects of great prestige, as well as of considerable beauty: from Neolithic ceramics, represented by one of the oldest decorated vases, to the very famous 'Welcome situla' defined by Giulia Fogolari as the 'epic poem of the Venetian people'. The situla, a vase made of bronze foil, shows in its figurative decoration scenes from the life and celebrations of the most important Atestine families of the 7th century BC.
From the Roman era remain monumental remains of the city, historical evidence of his deep bond with Augustus who founded in Este a colony of veterans returning from the battle of Azio, when, with the defeat of Antonio, he became in effect the prince 'Augusto '. The link between Augustus and Este can be glimpsed not only from the funerary monuments of the Actiaci, but from the magnificent gold medallion with the effigy of the emperor. Finally, the tomb of an ophthalmologist amazes not only for the incredible medical instruments, but for the very rare example of a pocket watch, a travel sundial made of bone and bronze.