The Museum And The Archaeological Park
The Museum and the Park fall within the present territory of Bova, along the southern Calabrian Ionian side, belonging in Greek age to the Chalcidian colony of Rhegion (today's Reggio Calabria) and frequented since the prehistoric age.
The entire area has its origins in the Greek world and the so-called "Bovesia" or "Grecanica area", still characterized by the use of the Greek language, is a significant testimony.
The park is built around the remains of a synagogue brought to light in the 1980s. In use between the 4th and 6th centuries AD, it constitutes the only architectural testimony of the Jewish presence in Calabria for this age.
Site among the most important in the Mediterranean, the synagogue is the oldest in the West after that of Ostia Antica and its discovery has opened new scenarios on the history of Jewish communities in southern Calabria. Excavations have revealed two main nuclei of the building consisting of several rooms and a third which probably constituted the access to the synagogue itself.
Of great interest is the discovery of the Prayer Hall whose mosaic floor reproduces the traditional seven-branched candelabrum, menorah, surrounded by a palm branch, a cedar and the shofar, the ram's horn used as a musical instrument for some ceremonies. Jewish religious.
A niche has been identified in the Hall that traditionally contains the Torah, or the two Scrolls of the Law.
The statio of Scyle, mentioned in the Tabula Peutingeriana and the Itinerary of the Byzantine geographer Anonymous from Ravenna, could be located in San Pasquale, in the area of the current park where excavations have revealed the remains of structures dating back to between the 3rd and 6th centuries AD.
Among the artifacts exhibited in the museum you can see the polychrome floor mosaic of the Hall of Prayer dating back to the 4th century AD, the coin treasure of 3079 bronze coins preserved and abandoned inside a jug from the 4th-5th century AD. and the road milestone found in the locality of Amigdalà not far from today's SS 106, from 364-67 AD. The double-inscribed milestone - one remembers the emperor Maxentius, the other the emperors Valentinian and Valens - confirms the existence of a coastal road network.