The Pantheon is one of the most important and best preserved buildings of ancient Rome .
Built in 27 BC by the will of Marco Vipsanio Agrippa , son-in-law of the emperor Augustus, it was a temple dedicated to all the divinities, hence the name Pantheon which literally means "of all the gods". It was rebuilt by Hadrian between 118 and 125 AD following a fire and converted into a Christian basilica at the beginning of the 7th century with the name of Santa Maria ad Martyres, which allowed it to survive almost intact.
Inside the temple you can admire seven splendid niches , between two Corinthian columns , which originally served to represent the seven deities connected to the cult of the planets such as the Sun, the Moon, Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury and Mars.
The Pantheon also houses the tombs of numerous illustrious personalities including those of Vittorio Emanuele II , king of Italy, his son Umberto I and his wife, Queen Margherita. Several artists also rest here including Raffaello Sanzio, Annibale Carracci and Arcangelo Corelli.
The history and image of the Pantheon is inextricably linked to the city and over the centuries it has been a source of profound inspiration for artists of all times who have admired the majesty, harmony and prodigy of its architectural forms. Almost two millennia after its construction, the dome of the Pantheon is still today one of the largest domes in the world and specifically the largest built in Roman concrete.