Ipogeo dei Volumni e Necropoli del Palazzone
L’ Volumni Hypogeum, excavated in depthà in the ground and which is accessed by a steep staircase, proposes the architecture of a Roman house. The name of the family   Velimna; (Volumni in Latin)è deduced from the inscriptions on the urns and the jamb of the gateway, reminiscent of the Brothers Velimna, founders of the tomb. Divided into moreù environments, with the ceiling of the central one that mimics a roof in timber gabled and other coffered with carved heads of Medusa, the tomb preserves magnificent urns with heads of Medusa; that of Arunte, remarkable, consists of a bed adorned with drapes, on which rests the deceased in the typical recumbent position. At the sides of the base, two winged demons, from’ youthful appearance, ensure the door of access to’ Ade depicted in painting. The tombè dated somewhere in the second halfà the second century. B.C. The doorè formed by lintel, jambs and slab of travertine closure. On the right jamb runs on three lines l’ vertical inscription in Etruscan, relating to the construction of the tomb. Beyond the door, on a rectangular atrium with a ceiling imitating the wooden gabled roof, with columen central and orthogonal beams, open two rooms, cubicola, for each side, at the bottom of the tablinum, and two alae ending in two rooms, with ceilings decorated with geometric coffers with Gorgon busts, and human. Decorated eardrums with scenes related to’ afterlife. The tablinum è occupied by seven registered urns, six Etruscan, well executed, in stuccoed travertine, a Roman marble. The più significantè that leaning on the bottom wall of Arnth Velimnas Aules, represented half reclining on kline, the center of whichè Painted door of the’ Ade, flanked by two Lase. To the right are four travertine urns with the deceased semigiacente and head of Medusa in the statement. They belong to other members of the family, his grandfather, his father and brothers; leftè daughter Veilia, depicted at a banquet sitting. L’ marble urn belonging to’ last person buried in the tomb is a Roman building decorated with festoons in relief, dating to the first century. A.D.; It is engraved with the name both in Etruscan and Latin. Much discussed the dating of the tomb, located in the second halfà the second century. BC, but that even after the discovery of the tomb of the Cai-Cutu Monteluce trying to raise the third century. B.C. In the modern vestibule they are collected numerous urns of the surrounding necropolis of Palazzone età Hellenistic.The necropolis, excavated in’ nineteenth and, subsequently, from 1963 onwards,è It consists of nearly two hundred tombs. The tombs, dug in the natural soil, are in the room, preceded by a small dromos, and are framed mostlyù all’ età Hellenistic, but are also in part attributable to età archaic and perci memorize options of exceptional interest in the history of the cityà Perugia in’ antiquityà. The necropolis, part of the archaeological park,è open to the public and can be visited by following routes accompanied by information panels. Also in’è area of the necropolis; l’ antiquarium, recently set up, with thematic exhibitions focusing on aspects of daily life.