The Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill constitute the most important archaeological area of the city of Rome. According to ancient tradition, on the Palatine there was the first settlement of the city of Rome, founded around the middle of the eighth century BC and attributed to Romulus. The Palatine Hill was the seat of some important city cults, such as that of the Magna Mater and, between the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, it became the residential area of the Roman aristocracy. The Emperor Augustus made the Palatine the official seat of power and began the construction of the imperial palaces, which were later renovated and enlarged by Nero, Domitian, Hadrian and Septimius Severus. The Palatine Museum is located in the Palazzo dei Cesari, where, among the monumental remains of the buildings on the hill, the grave goods of the Iron Age tombs and works of art from the Augustan complex and the residences of the emperors are exhibited. The Roman Forum was the monumental center of ancient Rome. Around the square, crossed by the Via Sacra, were the most important public and religious buildings of the city. Currently the remains of the ancient square of the Forum can be visited (Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, Basilica Emilia; Curia, Temple of Vesta; Ara di Cesare; Arch of Titus and Septimius Severus). On weekdays, in the morning it is possible to visit the interior of the Curia.

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Largo della Salara Vecchia , 6
00184 Rome


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