The Jewish Museum of Rome is placed in the monumental complex of the Synagogue, the Synagogue, in the area of what was once the Jewish ghetto of Rome .. The museum allows, through the visit of the different rooms, the reconstruction of life Jewish settlements in Rome in the early second century. In 1870, with the breach of Porta Pia, ending the temporal power of the Pope and Rome it was declared capital of the Kingdom of Italy. By now the Jewish Communities may establish, after centuries of limitations, monumental synagogues. He then chose to erect the most impressive synagogue in the city, the Great Synagogue, the same neighborhood where for centuries the Jews had been locked up, in the former ghetto in the city. The Jewish community lived in Rome for 2200 years without interruption: This feature makes it one of the oldest community present outside the Land of Israel. The works exhibited in the museum, dating mostly to the period of the Ghetto (1555-1870) and are drawn entirely from the palace of the Cinque Scole or synagogues. It offers the reconstruction of the life of the Jewish population in Rome and shows us how this has managed to integrate into the socio-economic structure of the city, while maintaining their own identity. The extensive collection includes liturgical objects, manuscripts, incunabula, historical documents, records and marble works. Since 1960 the Museum has exhibited his treasures in a single room, but the study and cataloging of all the works required more exhibition space and a new production, which opened in 2005.