The Jewish Cemetery of Pisa is located in the historic center of the city close to Piazza del Duomo and outside the ancient walls. The cemetery was placed in its current location by the Grand Duke of Tuscany in the seventeenth century. In the cemetery are the graves of Italian Jews, Spaniards and Portuguese who took refuge in Pisa. The cemetery of Pisa has been recognized as historically significant because it reflects four centuries of history and Pisa Jewish settlement life. In the cemetery are also the graves of Jewish soldiers who fell during the First World War and the victims of fascism and Nazism. The Jewish Cemetery of Pisa has a stylistic variety witnessed by graves that trace the history: from Gothic tabernacles to the nineteenth century, from Art Nouveau and Umbertino in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.