Capo Colonna National Archaeological Museum And Park
Capo Colonna archaeological park, 10 km from Crotone, extends for about 50 hectares, occupying the easternmost tip of the Capo Colonna promontory, known in ancient times as "Lakinion akron". It includes the archaeological area, circumscribed by the Roman age walls, a wooded area and Mediterranean scrub, symbol of the sacred wood to Hera, and the area of the Museum.In the archaeological area are the remains of the Heraion Lakinion, an extra-urban sanctuary of the colony Greek church of Crotone, still active in Roman times, a very revered place of worship, also known to have been frequented by Pythagoras, in the fifth century BC it became the seat of the Italiot League, a political and military confederation that brought together all the Greeks of the West. The sanctuary represented an essential reference for navigation and a safe refuge, of which the goddess was the guarantor. Hera also protected nature and in particular the cattle, which grazed freely in the forest sacred to her.The figure of Hannibal is also linked to Capo Colonna, who left here to return to Carthage. it is the great Doric temple of Hera Lacinia (temple A), near the edge of the cliff. Built around 470-460 BC, there are traces of the foundation pits and part of the eastern stylobate with a single surviving column, which has become the emblem of the Park and the promontory. archaic cult (building B), from which the precious votive objects of the Treasury of Hera come from, preserved in the National Archaeological Museum of Crotone. Built at the beginning of the sixth century BC, it became, at the time of the foundation of temple A, a thesauròs (small building to house the offerings). In the areas surrounding the temple there are the remains of building K, a hotel for distinguished guests , and building H, used for banquets, datable to the 4th century BC In the northern part of the archaeological area there are parts of a Roman settlement, identified with the colony of Croto, deduced in 194 BC, and numerous other buildings , including three eighteenth-century baronial villas, a small church dedicated to the Madonna di Capo Colonna, with a large churchyard, overlooked by the Torre Nao, a 16th-century fortification.The Archaeological Museum, inaugurated in 2006, offers an exhibition itinerary in three sections, within large open space rooms.The first section is dedicated to the Roman town and offers a selection of the main ceramic classes and some objects of common use. inventions carried out in the sanctuary area and the reconstruction of a cross-section of the marble covering of the roof of temple A. In the third section, finds from the seabed of the Crotone coast are exhibited; of particular interest is the load of Roman marble from the wreck of Punta Scifo.