Museum of the Risorgimento
The Museum of the Risorgimento was inaugurated in October 2005 in the upper spaces of the Grande Miglio, in Castello, a building that takes its name from the grain deposit for the Venetian garrisons built in the Castle at the end of the sixteenth century.The exhibition criteria, consistent with the most current interpretations of historical facts, propose a reasoned selection of the heterogeneous collections boasted by the Museum, including portraits, relics, proclamations and period prints documenting the Risorgimento epic and the patriotic motions for unity national. Through an original iconographic heritage, in fact, the main historical events are revealed following a method inspired by micro-history, where objects and the lexicon of everyday life, juxtaposed with relics and documents, explain the events of great history. Particular attention is dedicated to the historical events of the local area, which was the fulcrum of the Brescia Republic in 1797, of the Ten Days and subsequently a crossroads of the wars of Independence and the scene of famous battles. With the new layout it was decided to select a part of the aforementioned exhibition heritage, to build a thematic itinerary inside the Museum centered on the battle of San Martino and Solferino, entitled The great battle, the immense hospital. An itinerary back in the history of Italy, which stops in 1859, to retrace the events of the Second War of Independence and get to know its protagonists, from Napoleon III to Cavour, from Vittorio Emanuele II to Garibaldi, fixing the investigation on one of the founding episodes of the Risorgimento, the battle of San Martino and Solferino, which closely touched and deeply marked the Brescia area, and which led to the defeat of the Austrians by the Franco-Piedmontese and the historic passage of Lombardy to the Kingdom of Sardinia. The Museum opens the gaze on a varied documentation, made up of geographical maps that follow the movement of the troops, flags, prints, paintings, sculptures and various objects, in addition to the tools of propaganda and celebration of memory, to return the faces, together with the places and to the physical contexts of a struggle that was very hard and bloody. From a different point of view, the exhibition also broadens the attention to the city of Brescia, transformed in those days into an "immense hospital", where feelings of charity merged with patriotic fervor, inspiring Henry Dunant, direct witness of the battle , the founding principles of the International Red Cross. A particular section, on the other hand, is dedicated to the Ten Days of Brescia in March 1849, a popular revolt that was the ideal prologue to the events narrated and a fundamental scan of the tortuous path towards the unification of Italy. In this context, the museum layout itself becomes a space that favors the identification of the visitor, thanks to the atmospheres created by the contrast between white walls, floors in natural iron plates and a large continuous backdrop, red and sinusoidal, on which it is imprinted the story of events. In addition to the perspective of historical investigation, however, the Museum also presents itself to the spectators as an interesting artistic proposal appreciable in the paintings, drawings, prints, ceramics and sculptures that testify to the vivacity of the figurative arts of the nineteenth century, offering an unprecedented overview of costumes and the lifestyles of the more recent past.