Curated by: Margherita Guccione, Pippo Ciorra
Curated by Margherita Guccione, Director of MAXXI Architettura and Pippo Ciorra, Senior curator of MAXXI Architettura, the exhibition offers diverse and intersecting interpretative keys: from the individual to the collective through the duets, the site specific pavilions and a visual survey of auteur photographs. “Between past and present - says Margherita Guccione - this reflection on habitation is an opportunity to highlight the centrality if the theme in both the works of the masters of the past and the latest projects by contemporary Italian and international architects that enrich the museum with extraordinary designs by the likes of Demogo,Adjae, Noero and Pezo Von Elkrichshausen among others. Today, as in the past, what emerges is the capacity of design to look forwards and prefigure the new models of contemporary housing.” Singolare-Collettivo explores the scales and social dimensions of habitation: from the individual to the collective, from the single-family dwelling to the high-density urban quarter. It is in the single-family dwellings that the greatest degree of experimentation is seen, as in Casa Baldi in Rome, the first work by Paolo Portoghesi, designed in 1959 and exhibited with the Capital Hill Residence, the “space age” home designed by Zaha Hadid Architects for the Russian billionaire Vladislav Doronin and completed in 2018, which rises above a forest near Moscow. The exhibition then goes on to look at the intermediate dimension of collective habitation with a survey of the material in the Giulio Gra and Monaco Luccichenti archives, among the most celebrated designers of residential buildings in Rome between the 1930s and 1950s. Among them was the Villino in via Colli della Farnesina by Francesco Berarducci in the remarkable spaces of which roamed a disturbing Gian Maria Volontè in the film by Elio Petri Indagine su un cittadino al di sopra di ogni sospetto, which here establishes a dialogue with the Johannesburg building designed by Jo Noero. The works on show (drawings, models, photographs, videos, documents) reflect on both the forms and materials of architecture, in a close relationship with the natural environment or with the requests for identity expressed by the clients, through to a number of the most interesting examples of diffuse high quality expressed by the Roman residential buildings. A broader urban sector, constituted by an entire quarter is investigated through the successful INA Casa project in the reconstruction of Italy and the process of urbanization in the Fifties and Sixities, for example the quarters designed by Enrico Del Debbio (the Ponticelli quarter in Naples), Michele Valori (Tiburtino quarter in Rome), Mario Pancione and Giulio Pediconi (Valco San Paolo quarter in Rome).