The Natural History Museum of the University of Pisa is located in Calci, a town in the province of Pisa. The museum was founded in 1591 and is part of the University Museums of the University of Pisa. The Museum was born by the will of Ferdinando I de 'Medici, who established a Wunderkammer (chamber of wonders) with bizarre and very rare natural objects. The wunderkammer included all the artifacts collected by Ferdinando I de 'Medici during his travels throughout Europe. Over time, the collection grew considerably thanks to new acquisitions and private donations. Today the exhibition, completely reorganized, includes sections of monotremes, marsupials, carnivores and the Herbivores Gallery. The itinerary ends with Ferdinando I de 'Medici's Wunderkammer, as it was conceived and furnished by him in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Of great interest are certainly the skulls of a rhinoceros hornbill and a bushy hornbill, rare East Indian birds and two shells worked in gold. The Museum hosts temporary scientific and naturalistic exhibitions.