The Museum of Natural History, University of Pisa is located in Calci, a town in the province of Pisa. The museum was founded in 1591 and is part of the University Museum of the University of Pisa. The Museum was founded by Ferdinando I de 'Medici, who instituted a Wunderkammer (cabinet of curiosities) with bizarre and very rare natural objects. The Wunderkammer included all the artifacts collected by Ferdinand I de 'Medici during his travels throughout Europe. Over time the collection has been greatly enriched thanks to new acquisitions and private donations. Today the exhibition, completely reorganized, includes sections of monotremes, marsupials, carnivores and herbivores Gallery. The route ends with the Wunderkammer of Ferdinand I de 'Medici, as it was designed and furnished by him in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Of great interest are surely the skulls of a rhinoceros hornbill hornbill and a bushy, rare birds of the West Indies and two worked shells in gold. The museum hosts temporary exhibitions of scientific and naturalistic.