Curated by: Maurizio Vanni
From 25 January to 31 May 2020 the Lu.C.C.A. - Lucca Center of Contemporary Art offers a new large exhibition entitled "Stories of the twentieth century in Tuscany. Soffici, Viani, Rosai, Maccari, Marcucci, Venturi: from returning to order to conquering disorder ". The exhibition, curated by Maurizio Vanni and Piero Pananti, tells through 81 works, including masterpieces lent by the greatest Italian collectors and archives, some figurative twentieth-century stories in Tuscany. Starting from the First World War, many artists and intellectuals shared their thoughts on the Avant-garde and, having overcome the futurist experience, there was a real "Return to order" supported by the magazine "Valori plastici". Reassuring answers were sought in the past to find national identity in classical culture.
In the first decades of the twentieth century, Tuscany had a very intense artistic life. Mino Maccari and Mario Marcucci appeared on the scene and were initially affected by the influence of post-Macchiaiolism, but then turned to an archaic expressionist satire of the former and an intimate post-impressionism with expressionist impulses the latter. Ardengo Soffici used Futurism to personalize it. Between 1913 and 1914 it was he who founded, together with Giovanni Papini, the magazine "Lacerba" with which Ottone Rosai also began to collaborate, which characterized his works with a subjective sense of dramatic force. Both showed special attention for the Tuscan fifteenth century. In 1917, in fact, the magazine "La Voce" began to talk about the importance of recovering plastic values and primitive artistic forms on which to codify the new century. The return to order reassured.
Lorenzo Viani, on his return from the Parisian experience (1908-10), "violated" the order by combining Fattori's lesson with the hard and incisive sign of Nordic Expressionism. Marcucci also showed free painting and little interest in the classic sign with works related to subjects drawn from the home and family environment. In 1936 Venturino Venturi returned to Florence after a long stay in France and Luxembourg. He immediately proposed graphic and sculptural works that were influenced by primordial and tribal suggestions of Modigliani's sculpture translated through essentiality and personal synthesis. By now the classical echo was completely outdated. Conquering disorder became a lifestyle.