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National Archaeological Museum of Parma verified

Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy closed Visit museumarrow_right_alt

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Neolithic. Mirror polished alpine green stone axes, non-functional
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Ancient Bronze Age. Bronze collars from the storage room of Fraore (PR)
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Bronze Age. Vaghi in amber from the terramara of Castione Marchesi (PR
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Bronze Age. Decorated deer antlers disc from the Castione Marchesi terramara (PR)
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Bronze Age. Combs in stag of the terramara of Castione Marchesi (PR)
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Iron Age. Jewelery from an Etruscan tomb in Fraore (PR)
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Limestone wall relief from the tomb of the dignitary Amenemone, Menfi
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Red-figure kylix by the Attic potter Oltos
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Statuary cycle in Luni marble from Veleia, Germanicus with portrait of Nerva
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Portrait of a girl, from Veleia
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Trajan's Tabula Alimentaria, from Veleia, inscription on bronze
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Bas-relief depicting Ocean in flowery Moroccan alabaster,
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Sandal-shaped bronze oil lamp from the Borgo delle Orsoline treasure chest, Parma
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Large disc fibula in gold and semi-precious stones from Borgo della Posta, Parma
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Lower Paleolithic. Double-sided Acheulan
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Neolithic, Culture of Square Mouth Vases. Female divinity from a grave in Vicofertile (PR)
Neolithic. Mirror polished alpine green stone axes, non-functional
Ancient Bronze Age. Bronze collars from the storage room of Fraore (PR)
Bronze Age. Vaghi in amber from the terramara of Castione Marchesi (PR
Bronze Age. Decorated deer antlers disc from the Castione Marchesi terramara (PR)
Bronze Age. Combs in stag of the terramara of Castione Marchesi (PR)
Iron Age. Jewelery from an Etruscan tomb in Fraore (PR)
Limestone wall relief from the tomb of the dignitary Amenemone, Menfi
Red-figure kylix by the Attic potter Oltos
Statuary cycle in Luni marble from Veleia, Germanicus with portrait of Nerva
Portrait of a girl, from Veleia
Trajan's Tabula Alimentaria, from Veleia, inscription on bronze
Bas-relief depicting Ocean in flowery Moroccan alabaster,
Sandal-shaped bronze oil lamp from the Borgo delle Orsoline treasure chest, Parma
Large disc fibula in gold and semi-precious stones from Borgo della Posta, Parma
Lower Paleolithic. Double-sided Acheulan
Neolithic, Culture of Square Mouth Vases. Female divinity from a grave in Vicofertile (PR)

Other works on display

Description

The ancients appreciated the transparency and bright color, varying from yellow to red-brown of amber pearls, one of the most appreciated valuable assets in prehistory, fossil resin formed millions of years ago and found mainly along the Baltic Sea, but they attributed it also magical properties and therapeutic virtues.

The use of amber began in the early stages of prehistory, but intensified considerably in the Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC) when, along the great rivers and Alpine passes of the Resia and Brenner, it reached southern Europe and, above all, , the Mycenaean world, in whose richest tombs thousands of pearls have been recovered. Northern Italy would have played a leading role in this trade to the Aegean.

Several amber pearls (“vaghi” is the archaeological term) have also been found in the inhabited areas and in the terramaricolous necropolises, dated between about 1600-1150 BC; intended only for high-ranking women, they were used in necklaces or as “fold-stops” for the bronze pins that closed the dresses.


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