Ionic capital from the Villanello contrada
III sec. a.C.
Ionic capital in sandstone accidentally found together with other square boulders in Villanello on the left of Busento just upstream of the confluence with the Crati river. It was probably originally part of the decoration of a chamber tomb - burial of a character from the elite Brettia, perhaps a warrior - of which nothing else has survived. Fractured on the laying surface and missing a large part of a balustrade, the capital shows diffusely chipped, abraded and worn surfaces. The abacus, smooth and rather raised, has section approximately parallelepiped and has a shallow central hole (3.5x4x1.2) on the waiting surface, probably functional for the insertion of a connection pin with the above architrave. Below, the pulvinus reveals a decidedly essential carving and decoration, with the channels of the swirls inflected and with a slightly concave bottom, occupied in the center, on both sides and in correspondence of the attack with the echin, from a palmette to seven lobes (the two lateral inf. curled towards the int.). The volutes, consisting of 1 winding and ¾ approx., End centrally with a full eye, while the echinus, strongly crushed, is marked sup. from a rod detected and occupied in the center by the 'swelling' from which the palmettes stand out. The other two sides of the pulvinus have completely smooth and roughly cylindrical balustrades (the left one is fairly well preserved). Still below, the top of the column stem, integral with the capital itself, is apparently devoid of apophige.