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Montevarchi Paleontological Museum verified

Montevarchi, Tuscany, Italy closed Visit museumarrow_right_alt

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Etruscan dog
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Saber-toothed tiger
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Etruscan bear
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Bear of Auvergne
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Ancient hippo
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Southern elephant
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Late Pilocene rhinoceros
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Hour
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Steppe bison
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Wild horse
Etruscan dog
Saber-toothed tiger
Etruscan bear
Bear of Auvergne
Ancient hippo
Southern elephant
Late Pilocene rhinoceros
Hour
Steppe bison
Wild horse

Other works on display

Description

This large animal is one of the five species of extinct proboscideans that can be found in the upper Valdarno. Belonging to the Elephantidae family, it comes from Africa and is a distant ancestor of the famous woolly mammoth. It was a large animal that in some subspecies could reach a height of around 4 m and a weight of around 11 t, comparable to that of the largest known African savannah elephant. The molars of the southern elephant signal the climatic variations of the Valdarno, which passed from a more humid and warm climate, with a landscape mainly characterized by forest environments, to a more arid one with more open spaces. Mammuthus meridionalis was in fact a herbivore with a varied diet and ate both leaves and bark of trees and low plants and grass, unlike more ancient proboscidia such as the Auvergne mastodon and the Borson mastodon.

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