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Capodimonte Museum and Real Wood verified

Naples, Campania, Italy open Visit museumarrow_right_alt

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Michelangelo Merisi, detto Caravaggio - Flagellation of Christ
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Artemisia Gentileschi - Judith and Holofernes
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Andy Warhol - Vesuvius
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Tiziano Vecellio, detto Tiziano - Portrait of Paul III with his grandchildren
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Tiziano Vecellio, detto Tiziano - Danae
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Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, detto Parmigianino - Portrait of a young woman called Antea
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Pieter Brueghel, detto il Vecchio - The Parable of the Blind
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Guido Reni - Atalante by Ippomena
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Giovanni Bellini - Transfiguration of Christ
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Sandro Botticelli - Madonna and Child with Angels
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Crib group with the Nativity
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Francesco Guarino - Sant'Agata
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Jacopo de Barbari - Portrait of fra luca Pacioli with a pupil
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Annibale Carracci - Hercules at the crossroads
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Jusepe de Ribera - Apollo and Marsyas
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Colantonio del Fiore - Saint Jerome in the study
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Edoardo Dalbono - From Frisio to Santa Lucia or Neapolitan song
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Masaccio - Crucifixion
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Sebastiano del Piombo - Madonna of the veil
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Tiziano Vecellio, detto Tiziano - Portrait of Pier Luigi Farnese in armor
Michelangelo Merisi, detto Caravaggio - Flagellation of Christ
Artemisia Gentileschi - Judith and Holofernes
Andy Warhol - Vesuvius
Tiziano Vecellio, detto Tiziano - Portrait of Paul III with his grandchildren
Tiziano Vecellio, detto Tiziano - Danae
Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, detto Parmigianino - Portrait of a young woman called Antea
Pieter Brueghel, detto il Vecchio - The Parable of the Blind
Guido Reni - Atalante by Ippomena
Giovanni Bellini - Transfiguration of Christ
Sandro Botticelli - Madonna and Child with Angels
Crib group with the Nativity
Francesco Guarino - Sant'Agata
Jacopo de Barbari - Portrait of fra luca Pacioli with a pupil
Annibale Carracci - Hercules at the crossroads
Jusepe de Ribera - Apollo and Marsyas
Colantonio del Fiore - Saint Jerome in the study
Edoardo Dalbono - From Frisio to Santa Lucia or Neapolitan song
Masaccio - Crucifixion
Sebastiano del Piombo - Madonna of the veil
Tiziano Vecellio, detto Tiziano - Portrait of Pier Luigi Farnese in armor

Other works on display

Description

The painting depicts Judith in the act of cutting off the head of the Assyrian general Holofernes who was besieging the city of Betula. The Jewish heroine, assisted by the slave Abra, who actively participates in the beheading, embodies chastity and moral strength. Compared to most of the painters of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, who chose for the representation of this biblical episode the moment of the escape of the two women from the enemy camp after the assassination, or Judith who triumphantly shows the head of Holofernes, Gentileschi chose the the most dramatic moment, namely that of the beheading, taking inspiration from the famous canvas with the same subject by Caravaggio now in Palazzo Barberini. The painting was also related to the trauma suffered by the painter, who in 1611 was raped by her colleague, Agostino Tassi. It is an early work, performed in Rome between 1612 and 1613, as evidenced by the strong naturalistic imprint that is accompanied by some uncertainties in the composition and anatomy. The version preserved in the Uffizi is considered by experts to be later than this one. The rigid position of the Judith's arm finds a direct reference in the homonymous painting by Caravaggio, while the figure of Holofernes denotes the knowledge of the work with an analogous subject by Rubens, as well as that depicting David and Goliath of his father, Orazio Gentileschi. Some copies of the painting and a smaller version on blackboard preserved in the Archbishop's Palace in Milan are known.

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