Treasury of Caesarea Maritima
6 - 7 sec. AD
Gold, lapis lazuli and glass paste
The precious golden jewels (VI-VII century AD) were discovered during the excavations conducted by the Italian Mission in 1962 in a tower of the Byzantine fortifications of Caesarea (Israel). The treasure includes a gold and lapis lazuli necklace, two pairs of earrings, four pendants, two golden crosses. While the necklace is part of the Roman goldsmith tradition, the two crosses are the most prominent elements for the production technique, the preciousness, the Christian cultural context. In particular, a cross is engraved in Greek with the words life / light (John, VIII), with letters arranged to form a cross. The phrase refers to the relationship between cross / life, light / faith, characteristic of early Christianity.