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MARTA - National Archaeological Museum of Taranto verified

Taranto, Apulia, Italy open Visit museumarrow_right_alt

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Female head in polychrome terracotta
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Three polychrome terracottas depicting acrobats
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Diadem
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Gladiator
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Portrait of Augustus capite veiled
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Doll and toy tower
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Nutcracker
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Spacecraft earring in gold
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Kylix Iaconica with tuna and dolphins
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Funeral bed (kline)
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Head of Heracles
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Funerary wreath with oak leaves
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Mosaic floor in polychrome tiles with central velarium
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Shell-shaped case with Nereid on a sea monster
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Venus of Parabita (Lecce)
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Venus of Parabita (Lecce)
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Metope decorated with naiskos with battle scene between Greeks and barbarians
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Bronze statue of Zeus on a Doric stone capital
fullscreen
Lekythos overpainted with a woman looking out the window
fullscreen
Green lizard
Female head in polychrome terracotta
Three polychrome terracottas depicting acrobats
Diadem
Gladiator
Portrait of Augustus capite veiled
Doll and toy tower
Nutcracker
Spacecraft earring in gold
Kylix Iaconica with tuna and dolphins
Funeral bed (kline)
Head of Heracles
Funerary wreath with oak leaves
Mosaic floor in polychrome tiles with central velarium
Shell-shaped case with Nereid on a sea monster
Venus of Parabita (Lecce)
Venus of Parabita (Lecce)
Metope decorated with naiskos with battle scene between Greeks and barbarians
Bronze statue of Zeus on a Doric stone capital
Lekythos overpainted with a woman looking out the window
Green lizard

Other works on display

Description

The Zeus of Ugento, made by Greek artisans in a center of Hellenic culture, reproduces the iconography of the supreme divinity of the Greeks but was intended for an indigenous sanctuary. This is not surprising, since the Messapi of present-day Salento, already in the archaic era, worshiped a divinity whose attributes make it the local equivalent of Zeus. It is the Zis Batas or Batias whose name, starting from the sixth century BC, is graffitied on the walls of the Porcinara Cave in the bay of Leuca, an emporium sanctuary frequented by natives and Greeks: a Zeus "Thunderbolt", this is probably the meaning of the epithet Batas, which associates him with Zeus Kataibates to whom the Tarantini, as we learn from the sources, sacrificed to atone for the atrocities committed in the wars against the Messapians, who presided over atmospheric phenomena, dispensing fruitfulness with the rains and protecting the sailors.


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