Enthroned Madonna with Child
Cherry wood carved and painted
The sculpture depicts the Madonna enthroned with the blessing Child on her knees; presumably it must have been a Queen Madonna with a wooden crown, given the large hole on the head. On a quadrangular base with a double step, the Madonna, mutilated by her right hand, is depicted in a frontal position seated on a bench. She holds the Child in her lap, holding him with her left hand. Her hair is parted in the middle, gathered at the nape of her neck. She wears an ocher-colored dress, decorated with black bands with red and blue oval geometric patterns, alternating with red and ocher beads arranged in squares. Below you can see the lower edge of the white pleated tunic. The Child has his right arm raised and with his left hand he holds the globe, wearing an amaranth dress decorated with ocher stripes with red and ocher beads. A high band fastens the tunic at the waist, leaving the white tunic uncovered underneath, decorated with rows of amaranth and orange beads. The iconography certainly derives from the sculpture from beyond the Alps and, more precisely, from the Cathedral of Chartres, with clear references to Byzantine art. The sculpture was made in a single block of wood, with the exception of the right arm of the Madonna and the arms of the Child. From the laboratory analysis it was found to be hardwood, probably cherry, a valuable species used in ancient times for important works as is also supported by the use of very refined techniques such as the use of meccata tin leaf for gilding.