The Lazzaretto Vecchio
The Lazzaretto Vecchio is an island of extraordinary historical value, located in the central lagoon of Venice, very close to the Lido, facing the San Marco basin. It preserves a monumental heritage of great interest and is a particularly fascinating place. In 1423 it was chosen by the Senate of the Serenissima to establish - the first hospital in the world - a "hospital" for the treatment and isolation of plague patients. The island was enlarged several times, also by means of the surrounding shallows; in these areas, recent excavations have shown the presence of mass graves with thousands of burials. Around the middle of the 19th century it was used as a military warehouse and some buildings were demolished; when the military function ended in 1965, it was used as a municipal kennel for thirty years. In recent years the island has undergone important interventions by the Ministry of Public Works and the Ministry of Cultural Heritage: in 2008 a considerable part of structural work was completed with the project to make it home to the "National Archaeological Museum of the Venice Lagoon" , where to reconstruct the evolution and transformations of the city of Venice from antiquity to today, presenting in a unified way the considerable materials recovered from thousands of archaeological researches.